Ezechiel Rogers and a band of 20 families from Rowley, Yorkshire, England
founded the town of Rowley in 1639.
In 1643, much to the aggravation
of Mother England, early residents of Rowley established the first wool combing
and spinning mill in America on the Mill River, making Rowley the birthplace
of the American wool industry. As a result, England applied sanctions on Colonists
who bought Rowley wool, and by defying these sanctions, the settlers sowed the
seeds which, along with other matters, led to the great war.
The Jewel Mill is the oldest
continuously operating water mill in the U.S. with the wheel used to tumble and
polish gemstones. Rowley has many 17th-century houses and the country's first
keystone arch bridge. Built in 1640, without cement or mortar, it still stands
next to the Jewel Mill.
Over the years Rowley has
produced lumber for ships and homes, finished wool for clothing, ground grain
for bread and produced scholars to found universities. Today Rowley has changed
little, it is still a quiet town with many of the historic homes still standing,
a pleasant place to visit, work and live.
Spotlight on Rowley:
Square Miles: 19.03
Tax rate fiscal 2008: $10.38
Government: Board of Selectmen
How To Contact:
Selectmen : 978-948-2372
Town Hall: 978-948-2705
Hospital/Emerg.: Anna Jaques Hospital : 978-463-1000
Elementary School- Pine Grove
Triton Middle School : 978-462-8171
Triton High School : 978- 462-8171
MBTA Commuter Rail Service: from Newburyport to Boston with stations in Ipswich and Rowley. Schedules and Information: (800) 392-6100 or www.mbta.com